The Innovator

Dr. Magdy Younes, MD, FRCPC, PhD

Dr. Younes is a world-renowned respiratory specialist and innovator. He is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada as well as a Senior Scholar in its Faculty of Medicine. He is also a research professor at the University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine.

Dr. Younes received his MD from the University of Alexandria in Egypt and went on to train in internal medicine and respirology at McGill University in Montreal, where he also obtained a PhD specializing in pulmonary physiology. He established the sleep laboratory at the Health Sciences Centre in Winnipeg in 1991 and was its director until he retired from active practice.

Dr. Younes has done extensive research in the areas of respirology and respiratory physiology including topics such as reflex control of breathing, control of breathing during exercise, the pathogenesis of respiratory failure, and sleep apnea. His research has resulted in 118 original peer-reviewed papers and 22 book chapters and reviews. His work, specifically on sleep apnea, has appeared in 19 influential peer-reviewed publications on the pathogenesis of the disorder. Dr. Younes was recently invited to write the chapter on sleep apnea in the authoritative Comprehensive Physiology (formerly the Handbook of Physiology), published by the American Physiological Society.

A medical innovator from the beginning of his career, the development of the automatic sleep scoring system (Michele) is the latest in a series of inventions by Dr. Younes. These include proportional assist ventilation (PAV), mechanical ventilator design, and several methods for non-invasive determination of respiratory mechanics and monitoring of respiratory muscle pressure output in patients on mechanical ventilation. His inventions in the area of mechanical ventilation have been incorporated in several commercial ventilators used throughout the world.

The Collaborator and Namesake

Ms. Michele Ostrowski, R.PSG.T

Ms. Ostrowski is a registered polysomnography technologist who trained in Winnipeg, Canada. She has been active in the sleep technology industry since 1990 and has worked in both private and academic laboratories. In addition to serving as chief technologist at both Winnipeg’s Health Sciences Centre and Calgary’s Foothills Medical Centre, Ms. Ostrowski has extensive experience in all aspects of sleep technology, and is co-author on several research publications.

The software component of the Michele Sleep Scoring System has been designed and validated using Ms. Ostrowski’s scoring of sleep records. She has participated extensively in developing the user manual and viewer features for the software to make sure the user experience is as effortless and practical as possible, simulating a “real-world” clinic setting.